Palaeontology
The skeletons of Chinese pangolin (top) and Ernanodon antelios (bottom). Image: Manis "“ Wikimedia commons; Ernanodon © Peter Kondrashov.

Fossil find solves evolutionary debate

It’s hard to track down members of a family when many of them disappeared millions of years ago.

shapeshifting-dinos

The curious case of the shapeshifting dinosaurs

New research reveals that dinosaurs changed shape during their lives. This means that many dinosaurs, which have so far been considered to be different species, were actually just different growth stages of the…

The extinct ichthyosaurus would have evolved to handle deep-sea dives. Image: Photographer: User:Ballista from Charmouth Heritage Coast Centre, Charmouth, England/Wikimedia Commons

Ichthyosaurs suffered from the bends

These ancient reptiles may have injured themselves during long deep-sea dives.

A baby tortoise emerging from its amniotic egg. Image: Wikipedia

Did the egg come first?

The egg came first, in amniotes at least.

The KNM-ER 1470 cranium, discovered in 1972, combined with the new lower jaw KNM-ER 60000; both are thought to belong to the same species. The lower jaw is shown as a photographic reconstruction, and the cranium is based on a computed tomography scan. Credit: © Photo by Fred Spoor

Homo erectus was not alone

New fossils shed light on human evolution and solve a 40-year-old mystery.

A group of the starch granules from the Neanderthals' teeth. Image courtesy of the University of Sydney

Neanderthals ate their greens

Our primitive relatives were more sophisticated than we thought.

Three examples of human coprolites found at the site. Image: Jim Barlow

Clovis people weren’t alone

Oregon’s Paisley Caves are as old as Clovis sites, but were inhabited by a different group.

Artist rendition of Australian pelagornis in flight. Image: Peter Trusler/ Museum Victoria

Gigantic seabirds once glided over the Australian coast

  Huge bony-toothed birds soared in the sky over Australia five million years ago, fossil evidence shows.

The stones are believed to represent some of Britain's early farming communities. Image:  Bryan Busovicki/Shutterstock

Stonehenge: symbol of unification?

Britain’s neolithic people pulled together to build this monument.

These are the first known fossils of vertebrate couples that perished in flagrante delicto. Image: Senckenberg Research Institute

Eternal embrace

 The fossils found in Germany are the first known example of prehistoric sex.

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